Bone cancer can originate in any bone of the body but usually found in the long bones of the arms and legs. The common types of this cancer are Osteosarcoma, Chondrosarcoma and Ewing Sarcoma. Other rare bone cancers include fibrosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, angiosarcoma, and chordoma.
Various types of cancers are identified by the organ or tissue they originate. They are broadly categorized into the following:
Following are some symptoms of Bone Cancer:-
These signs may also develop due to other conditions. It is advisable to consult a physician for a confirmed diagnosis. The diagnosis of Bone Cancer can be in following ways:-
Biopsy:- Biopsy of the suspected tissue is critical for definite diagnosis. A small sample of the tissue is removed from the body and is examined under the microscope to detect abnormal cells. The biopsy is also used to confirm the stage and grade of cancer by analyzing features of the abnormal cells.
There are two available treatments for Bone Cancer:
1. Radiotherapy:- Radiotherapy is a treatment which involves the use of high-energy radiation beams targeting cancerous tissue or tumor. The high radiation beam damages the DNA of abnormal cells to interpret them which are inadequate to multiply. However, healthy cells are resilient and can recover fully whereas cancer cells are sensitive to radiation and get killed rapidly. In the treatment of bone cancer, radiation therapy is performed:
2. Chemotherapy:- Chemotherapy involves the use of chemical drugs or anti-cancer drugs which are targeted to kill rapidly growing cancer cells. Since anti-cancer drugs target only fast-growing cells, without distinguishing between normal and abnormal cells, other rapidly growing healthy cells of the body, such as hair follicle cells, are also attacked which results in side-effects. Read more about chemotherapy side-effects. Chemotherapy can be used in bone cancer treatment for the following reasons: