Who gets cancer?

Anyone can get cancer, however, the risk goes up with age. Nearly 9 out of 10 cancers are diagnosed in people ages 50 and older. Cancer can be found in people of all racial and ethnic groups, but the rate of cancer occurrence (called the incidence rate) varies from group to group.

What causes cancer?

There can be various reasons that cause cancer, it can be something you are exposed to or it may run in your genes. For example, tobacco use can cause various kinds of cancer like that of the lungs, mouth, throat, bladder, kidneys, and many other organs. Of course, not everyone who uses tobacco will get cancer, but it greatly increases a person’s risk. It increases their chance of developing heart and blood vessel disease, too.

Spending a lot of time in the sun without any protection can cause skin cancer.

About 5% to 10% of all cancers are linked to genes that are inherited from parents.

How common is cancer?

Cancer has a major impact both in the USA and around the globe, research has shown that the prevalence of cancer is approximately 5.5 percent of the population in the US. When broken down by type of cancer we see that breast cancer is globally the most prevalent form. Following breast cancer are prostrate and colon & rectum cancer.

Can stress cause cancer?

Stress affects the immune system, and thus there has been various research to find the link between stress and cancer. No scientific evidence has shown that a person’s personality or outlook affects their cancer risk.

What are the risk factors for cancer?

A risk factor is anything that increases your chance of getting a disease, such as cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. About 1 out of 5 cancers diagnosed in the US are related to excess body weight, physical inactivity, alcohol consumption, and/or poor nutrition, and could be prevented.

Some of the major cancer risk factors that can be controlled:

  • Tobacco use
  • Diet
  • Physical activity
  • Weight
  • Alcohol use
  • Sun exposure
  • Environmental exposures, such as
    radon, lead, and asbestos
  • Exposure to infections such as
    hepatitis, HPV, and HIV

How is cancer treated?

The 3 main ways in which cancer can be treated are Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. The treatment plan is based on the type of cancer the person is suffering from and the stage of cancer. Some other factors include the health of the person, likely side effects of any treatment, and the probability of curing cancer, controlling it to extend life, or easing symptoms.

What is prostate cancer symptoms?

The prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland in the pelvis of men. It is located next to the bladder and can be examined by getting a digital rectal exam.

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