Hematology-Oncology is a combination of the medical specialties of oncology (the study of cancer) and hematology (the study of the physiology of blood). Hematologists are experts in identifying and treating blood conditions, while oncologists are specialists in the diagnosis and management of cancer. An expert in both fields is a hematologist oncologist.
A hematologist-oncologist physician focuses on the identification, management, and/or prevention of diseases and cancers that impact the immune, hemostatic, vascular, and bone marrow systems.
A primary care physician may use different diagnostic processes and tests to diagnose a patient’s illness. Blood tests, MRIs, and CT scans can all be performed to confirm the diagnosis. If the patient's primary care physician suspects blood cancer, he may refer the patient to an oncologist.
Hematologist Oncologists treat non-malignant blood illnesses as well as blood cancers like leukemia. Hematologist oncologists address the following cancers with medicines rather than surgical procedures.
Details of these types of cancers are as follows :
Leukemia begins when a single bone marrow cell's DNA alters (mutates), making it impossible for the cell to mature and function normally.
When leukemia cells are in excess of normal levels, the blood produces fewer red blood cells, healthy white blood cells, and platelets. Consequently, the body's organs and tissues will not get enough oxygen to function properly. Moreover, the body won't be able to fight infections or form blood clots.
A malignancy known as multiple myeloma develops in a type of white blood
cell called a plasma cell. Cancerous plasma cells build up in the bone
marrow and crowd out healthy blood cells in multiple myeloma.
As opposed to antibodies that fight infection and disease, cancer cells produce abnormal proteins that can lead to complications.
A form of cancer known as Non-Hodgkin lymphoma develops in the lymphatic system, which is a component of the body's immune system that fights infection. White blood cells called lymphocytes can develop tumors (growths) throughout the body when Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is present.
Hodgkin's lymphoma is a form of cancer that affects the lymphatic system, a component of the body's immune system that fights infection.These lymphocytes proliferate inappropriately and displace healthy white blood cells. The body finds it more challenging to fight infections as the condition worsens.
These doctors (hematologist-oncologists) are experts in the treatment of leukemias, multiple myelomas, Hodgkins and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, as well as other blood malignancies. An additional area of expertise for a hematologist-oncologist is in the treatment of solid tumors.
If your primary care physician refers you to a hematologist, you may be at risk for a condition affecting your red or white blood cells, platelets, blood vessels, bone marrow, lymph nodes, or spleen.
Hematologists frequently pursue additional training in oncology, the study, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer. Due to their combined expertise, these medical professionals are qualified to handle a variety of blood-related conditions, including some cancers.
The cancer specialists at ACTC in Florida offer outstanding patient care by providing personalized and evidence-based treatment plans tailored to individual patients' needs. We aim to foster a positive environment that focuses on physical and mental health throughout a cancer patient's journey.
One can consult with the ACTC providers listed below:
MD, Hematology & Oncology
MD, Radiation Oncologist
MD, Ph.D., Hematology/ Medical Oncology
MD, Radiation Oncologist
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