Medical Oncology

Medical Oncology involves the diagnosis and treatment of cancer using chemotherapy and other treatments like immunotherapy, targeted therapy, and hormone therapy.

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Medical oncology usually works in conjunction with surgical oncology or radiation oncology to give the best clinical outcomes.

ACTC's expert medical oncology team treats many different types of cancer using the most advanced treatment protocols.


Chemotherapy involves the use of specific drugs to destroy cancer cells.

Chemotherapy is divided into two categories:

  • Neoadjuvant (delivered before surgery)
  • Adjuvant (delivered after surgery or radiotherapy)


The immunotherapy process involves activating the immune cells to fight against the cancer cells. This personalized treatment aims to strengthen the body’s defense mechanism to fight and destroy cancer cells. The patient’s own body cells are used, or treatment is designed in a laboratory to improve the functioning of the immune system.

The immune system of the patient's body is reprogrammed through three ways, personalized to the specific cancer condition, namely –

Drug therapy: In this therapy, the drugs induced boost the antibodies to destroy cancer cells.

Dendritic cell therapy: This therapy involves the removal of T-cells (which fight infection) from the blood. They are later modified in the laboratory and injected into the patient’s body to treat the cancer cells.

Cancer Vaccines: When injected, cancer vaccines trigger the immune system to recognize and destroy cancer cells.

Targeted Therapy

Targeted therapy is similar to chemotherapy in that it utilizes drugs to fight cancer cells, but it is not the same. This treatment uses drugs that specifically target genes or proteins found in cancer cells to stop cancer from growing and spreading to other organs.

Hormone Therapy

Specific cancers are hormone sensitive, which means they rely on certain hormones in order to develop and grow. Hormone therapy uses medicines to block or restrict these specific hormones to prevent the production or spread of cancer cells.

Hormone-sensitive cancers include:

  • Breast cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Uterine cancer
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